शुक्रवार, 30 अप्रैल 2010

Search engine optimization

Search engine optimization (SEO) is the process of improving the volume or quality of traffic to a web site or a web page (such as a blog) from search engines via "natural" or un-paid ("organic" or "algorithmic") search results as opposed to other forms of search engine marketing (SEM) which may deal with paid inclusion. The theory is that the earlier (or higher) a site appears in the search results list, the more visitors it will receive from the search engine. SEO may target different kinds of search, including image search, local search, video search and industry-specific vertical search engines. This gives a web site web presence.

As an Internet marketing strategy, SEO considers how search engines work and what people search for. Optimizing a website primarily involves editing its content and HTML and associated coding to both increase its relevance to specific keywords and to remove barriers to the indexing activities of search engines.

The acronym "SEO" can refer to "search engine optimizers," a term adopted by an industry of consultants who carry out optimization projects on behalf of clients, and by employees who perform SEO services in-house. Search engine optimizers may offer SEO as a stand-alone service or as a part of a broader marketing campaign. Because effective SEO may require changes to the HTML source code of a site, SEO tactics may be incorporated into web site development and design. The term "search engine friendly" may be used to describe web site designs, menus, content management systems, images, videos, shopping carts, and other elements that have been optimized for the purpose of search engine exposure.

Another class of techniques, known as black hat SEO or spamdexing, uses methods such as link farms, keyword stuffing and article spinning that degrade both the relevance of search results and the user-experience of search engines. Search engines look for sites that employ these techniques in order to remove them from their indices.

Where do you find legitimate survey research companies?

Attention: You Will Not Make Money on Paid Survey Sites as a living. You may make a small amount for extra spending money, usually what is offered are points that you accumulate for free items. Any company that wants YOU to pay is not legitimate. You will not make a living doing surveys, and no site can offer you surveys for XXX amount of hours. Legitimate surveys use certain criteria such as demographics for you to be eligible to take one, so you cannot take every survey that is offered. And survey sites do screen to exclude "professional survey takers" so they can get a true study from a random population of people. Real paid survey sites pay you, not the other way around. Will you make money? You will not earn a living from paid surveys and other marketing research. You might earn or win some extra spending money, or free or discounted goods or services.

What is Survey Research?
Survey research is a legitimate and scientific process of acquiring data from the public, the information is used to develop new products, improve services and is used by health care providers, the government, businesses and others.

How can you tell the difference between a legitimate opinion poll or research survey, and a business that is trying to sell something? If you are not careful you could end up providing information that will be sold to third parties, or used to generate contact lists for the sales of all types of products and services. Legitimate survey research companies should never divulge your identity, personal information or individual answers unless you specifically give them permission. Also, they should never sell or give your name or phone number to anyone else. No one should ever contact you as a result of your participation except perhaps to validate your participation

Before you sign up for a market survey or opinion poll, question the survey if they are selling something, or will your participation in this survey result in your name and personal information to be sold to a company who will try to sell you something? A legitimate research company does not try to sell you something. Legitimate researchers and professional marketing and opinion research firms do NOT ask for money or attempt to sell products or services.

Sometimes a survey research companies will offer a gift in appreciation of your cooperation. Such a gift could be a cash donation to a charity, a product sample or a nominal monetary award.

What do you do when a "research company" tries to sell you something?
Such companies are not survey research companies. While selling is not against the law, pretending to be "conducting" a survey, when it is not true, is certainly unethical. Survey research companies don't do this.

A legitimate survey site will ask for more that your name and email address. Read the Terms of Service and the Privacy Policy. Read the "About" page for contact information such as company name, address and phone numbers, etc. Look for a privacy seal such at BBB, TrustE or Webtrust on the site. Avoid sites that have vague information about the business or the "about us" or contact page. Do not sign up if the terms of service say you need to complete "offers" in exchange for rewards.

Avoiding scams: scambusters.org
Online advice from Work at home moms: wahm.com

Council of American Survey Research Organizations - CASRO
American Association for Public Opinion Research - AAPOR

Council of Marketing and Opinion Research Association - Cmor.org

ESOMAR (Esomar.org) is the world organization for enabling better research into markets, consumers and societies. With 5,000 members in 100 countries, ESOMAR creates and manages a comprehensive programme of industry-specific and thematic conferences, publications and communications as well as actively advocating self-regulation and the worldwide code of practice.
Use your favorite search engine, for example, go to Google.com and type in the search box "consumer opinion panel" or "consumer research panel". Choose one and read terms of service before signing up.

When you join, the membership site the privacy policy should read that they will not share your email address to avoid email spam.
Advice from other contributors:

  • Yes, there are certainly legitimate survey sites. Some of them pay in rewards and some pay in cash. The amounts paid for surveys are typically based on the amount of time and the complexity of each survey. A good rule of thumb for finding "legitimate" survey sites is to avoid sites that charge you to sign up and get paid for surveys. You can rest assured you are not being scammed if the site is free to join and take surveys. The other part of the question is if there are sites that pay "high amounts," which is a subjective term. Survey sites typically pay between $1 and $10 for completed surveys. Most are in the $1-$5 range and take between 5 and 45 minutes to complete.
  • Just always be careful when looking for online sources of income. If they require ANY fees up front, chances are they are a scam, and they just want to run with your money. There are a few companies, called "Get Paid To" industry, where you get paid for completing certain things, such as reading emails, posting, completing offers and so on. In there, you get paid for completing surveys, or shopping online (if you do or anyone else you know shops online, you can get cash back from purchases), or even for trying new products and/or services. The basis of this industry is for these companies to get new leads (customers) and these customer's response to their product/service, to the point they will pay these companies to get them for them. Again, you would have to weed out a lot of them to get to the ones that will actually pay you.
  • There a few that I have tested and used for some time and always get excellent compensation for taking their surveys
  • The ones I know are on the up and up some offer sample products like pizza (shipped in a box with dry ice) crackers, cereal, etc., some offer points for surveys that can be redeemed for cash I have received over $100 in cash so far, some companies not mentioned are a waste of time. Surveyspot, NPDOR, Greenfieldonline, Opinion outpost are good ones. Don't expect to get rich but extra cash comes in handy as well as the free products. I am a HUGE skeptic when it comes to paid surveys and "get paid to complete offer" sites.
  • There are very few online paid surveys, and they are not going to pay money right away. Usually they offer points for merchandise. Any company that require you to pay in in exchange for paid survey opportunities are scams. Signing up for survey opportunities are just one way to capture your email address, and soon your email will be filled up with spam.
  • The best ones there are on the web that are free and are not scams are sites like American Consumer Opinion, and Global Test Market. They pay out in checks and will never ask for any type of card or social security number. What I mean by this... Those ad's that say "FREE TOM TOM GPS", or "FREE XBOX 360" and if you click you have to answer survey after survey and sign-up for some offers, and I have seen someone try to get through it and spent 2 hours, with nothing but a pile of Junk mail to show for the work. I am wondering if anyone has ever made it to the promised land.
  • I have done it and gave up as well.
  • The only website that I have found that actually pays is mysurvey.com. From experience I can tell you that I have received numerous full-size products for sampling and testing, actual cash and have generally found their staff to be quite pleasant. You are rewarded points based on the surveys you take, referrals, product sampling, etc... No, you will not be able to run out and purchase a new Bentley by doing on-line surveys. Typically, I save all of my points till the end of the year for a little extra holiday money which is usually between $100-$200.
  • I am a HUGE skeptic when it comes to paid surveys and "get paid to complete offer" sites, but honestly the following ones have enabled me to generate a great amount of extra money. The most important thing is to never get discouraged if you start out slow. Those surveys will add up over time, and doing them from more than one site at a time really increases your income. Have fun!
  • Advice: Lot of programs are scams. beware from them and don't waste your time.
  • To add to what he said there are sites that take some effort doing surveys for points. Then you trade the points for Prizes.
  • There are many companies that will pay you cash to fill out their surveys. The trick is to find the right companies that offer the best payments and can be trusted to actually pay.
  • It is definitely possible to earn extra money by participating in online surveys. At first it will take a lot of time and effort to set everything up, however it is still very doable and there is a lot of money to be earned. The great thing about doing paid online surveys is that it is a legitimate way to make some extra money.
  • Before signing up with any survey company, it is important to check them out.
  • Yes, there are certainly legitimate survey sites. Some of them pay in rewards and some pay in cash. The amounts paid for surveys are typically based on the amount of time and the complexity of each survey. A good rule of thumb for finding "legitimate" survey sites is to avoid sites that charge you to sign up and get paid for surveys. You can rest assured you are not being scammed if the site is free to join and take surveys.
  • You would need to educate yourself more to understand what the genuine sites are.
  • Please read their Terms of Use very carefully. There are many Survey sites that will give you the surveys, but when you reach the payout terms they will pull your earnings. When you contact them to ask why they did this and if you're lucky you will get a reply. The reply usually states that you did not sign in as often as they required and the other main reason they use is that you were found to be a fraudulent account. There are other reasons such as you did not complete the surveys according to their "tricky terms" and this means that you did not use the proper descriptive words.
  • Be very careful and stay in contact with the survey sites management. Start a dialogue with them so that they get to know who you are. Ask them to confirm your account - ask them if your "sample" review was appropriate, and if you do not receive a reply that will be your first hint they may not be willing to work with you.
  • If you find they are working with you, and seem legitimate you must review their payment systems very carefully. If you are depending on using PayPal for payment you may want to contact PayPal to see if the survey site is actively following PayPal's Terms of Service. If you tally up earnings for the survey, and they state they pay via PayPal, and later PayPal finds them to be at fault they will hold all monies and you will not receive payment. PayPal does not except every site so be careful to make sure PayPal is aware that the survey site is using them as a payment option.
  • Do searches on Google and Yahoo using the Survey sites name. You will see both negative and positive feedback on the survey site. Also be very careful because owners of the survey site could be posting for "themselves" in forums to trick others.
  • NO!!! trust me on this, i have wasted over $4,500.00 looking for one, and they are all scams!!!! stay far far away from them, easy money is not easy or free, you are better off working for your money the hard way unfortunately, you will have a better chance at the lottery if you want to gamble your money away.
  • Some Of Companies may be scam but all companies are not scam. Because that companies has also many benefits of the Surveys of their products and services. what We peoples should always be careful before involving in surveys Or any Online jobs. before doing all these we must read there term and condition carefully :) For Not to become next victim of any Online jobs
  • You can make money online doing surveys, you just have to filter through the cr@p though.A lot of sites offer opportunities of surveys but want YOU to pay up front.
  • First things first with Surveys, you're not going to be able to pack up your current job doing these alone, they can however provide you with a nice supplementary income IF you are prepared to spend some time joining the companies and setting up your profile and then actually completing the surveys.
  • In order to make any decent amount of money you need to join quite a few companies to ensure that you are receiving a regular supply of surveys into your inbox.

Online Legitimate Survey Sites:


Nielson Netratings
Pinecone Research
American Consumer Opinion
Mindfield Online
IPSOS Survey Panel

20/20 Research


Surveyhead.com which is owned by United Sample- only 1.5 years old, but meets all ESOMAR and CASRO requirements.

शनिवार, 24 अप्रैल 2010

Innovators Will Thrive

Current Business Trends Now in Information Technology Computer Hardware News Sun Microsystems CEO: Innovators Will Thrive. You may have heard that the original author of Executive Boardroom has taken a new job at Sun. After 22 years as the CEO, our founder Scott McNealy is stepping up as Chairman of the Board. For this, my inaugural edition of the Executive Boardroom newsletter, I'd like to recognize that while the tone of these letters may be subtly different, Sun's viewpoint remains the same.

You may have heard that the original author of Executive Boardroom has taken a new job at Sun. After 22 years as the CEO, our founder Scott McNealy is stepping up as Chairman of the Board. For this, my inaugural edition of the Executive Boardroom newsletter, I'd like to recognize that while the tone of these letters may be subtly different, Sun's viewpoint remains the same.

Now more than ever, the Network Is the Computer. The revolutionary vision articulated so many years ago — of everyone and everything participating on the network — is coming to life. Let's face it, the network is transforming all of our businesses, growing opportunities, and driving the Participation Age. An age where those who differentiate their business through innovation will thrive.

I spoke to a large customer recently (as you may have read in my blog) who made an interesting point — his job was getting more technical. The customer was a technologist to start, so he was in his comfort zone, but it had become increasingly clear that the next generation of differentiation on the Web was going to come from technology innovation.

We can all agree that next year, the year after that, and for as far as we can see, you and your customers will only require more than they do today — a more content-rich environment, more interactivity, more transactions, more photos, more security, more throughput, more data, and more choice.

In addition, three million more people are getting online each week. Many of these people will access the network through a mobile phone or one of the hundreds of other mobile devices, rather than a traditional computer. The market opportunity and need for innovative new solutions will grow with this additional demand.

  1. To speed up your windows or to increase RAM virtually,
    Right click on My Computer
    > Properties
    > Advanced
    > Performance - Settings
    > Advanced
    > Virtual Memory - Change
    Keep the initial size same as recommended and maximum size double of it then restart your system.
    It will improve speed of windows and you can play some games which require higher RAM.

  2. When a window is active, press the F11 key of the keyboard to get the biggest window possible and press F11 again to restore it.

Internet Tricks ,Tips and Secrets

Use Mozilla Firefox instead of IE explorer and keep the cache size to 500 Mb and you can surf faster.

It fetches informating from cache of websites you regular visits so its fast and it download less data compares to IE so very handy for limited download size users.

शुक्रवार, 23 अप्रैल 2010

विक्रमवीर सचिन!

सचिनचे आजपर्यंतचे विक्रम -
  • शालेय क्रिकेटमध्ये कांबळीसोबत भागीदारी
    २३ ते २५ फेब्रुवारी १९८८ - सचिन १४ आणि विनोद कांबळी १६ वर्षांचा असताना शारदाश्रम विद्यामंदिरकडून खेळताना या दोन फलंदाजांनी नाबाद ६६४ धावांची ऐतिहासिक विक्रमी भागीदारी केली होती. सचिनने नाबाद ३२६, तर विनोदने नाबाद ३४९ धावा पटकावल्या होत्या. मुंबईतील आझाद मैदानात हा सामना रंगला होता.

  • प्रथम श्रेणीमध्ये शतक नोंदविणारा तरुण खेळाडू
    ११ डिसेंबर १९८८ - वय १५, वानखेडे स्टेडियमवर झालेल्या गुजरातविरुद्धच्या सामन्यात शतक. या शतकामुळे प्रथम श्रेणी क्रिकेटमध्ये शतक नोंदविणारा तरुण खेळाडूचा विक्रम सचिनच्याच नावावर

  • आंतरराष्ट्रीय क्रिकेटमध्ये कमी वयात पदार्पण करण्याचा विक्रम
    १५ ते १९ नोव्हेंबर १९८९ - वयाच्या १६ व्यावर्षी आंतरराष्ट्रीय क्रिकेटमध्ये पदार्पण करीत विक्रम. या मालिकेत सियालकोट येथे झालेल्या सामन्यात वकार युनूसच्या चेंडू सचिनच्या नाकावर बसून रक्तस्त्राव आणि सचिन सामन्यातून बाहेर.

  • कसोटीत शतक झळकाविणारा दुसरा तरुण खेळाडू
    १४ ऑगस्ट १९९० - ओल्ड ट्रॅफर्डवर इंग्लंडविरुद्ध झालेल्या सामन्यात नाबाद ११९ धावांची खेळी करीत कसोटीत शतक नोंदविणारा दुसरा तरुण खेळाडू होण्याचा विक्रम.

  • कौंटीत यॉर्कशायरकडून खेळणारा पहिला खेळाडू
    एप्रिल १९९२ - इंग्लंडमधील जगप्रसिद्ध कौंटी क्रिकेटमधील यॉर्कशायर संघाकडून करारबद्ध होणाऱ्या पहिला परदेशी खेळाडू.

  • हिरो करंडक जिंकून देण्याचा विक्रम
    २४ नोव्हेंबर १९९३ - हिरो करंडक स्पर्धेत शेवटच्या षटकात दक्षिण आफ्रिकेला सहा धावांची गरज होती. त्यावेळी सचिनने गोलंदाजी करीत केवळ तीन धावा देत संघाला विजय मिळवून दिला.

  • श्रीमंत क्रिकेटपटू होण्याचा विक्रम
    ऑक्‍टोबर १९९५ - वर्ल्डटेल कंपनीबरोबर ३१.५ कोटी रुपयांचा पाच वर्षांचा करार करुन जगात श्रीमंत क्रिकेटपटू होण्याचा मान.

  • तेविसाव्या वर्षी कर्णधारपद
    ८ ऑगस्ट १९९६ - तेविसाव्या वर्षी भारतीय संघाचे कर्णधारपद मिळविले.

  • एकदिवसीय सामन्यात दहा हजार धावा
    ३१ मार्च २००१ - इंदौर येथे ऑस्ट्रेलियाविरुद्ध १३९ धावांची खेळी करीत एकदिवसीय क्रिकेटमध्ये दहा हजार धावा करण्याचा विक्रम.

  • कसोटीत डॉन ब्रॅडमन यांचा विक्रम मोडला
    ऑगस्ट २००२ - ऑस्ट्रेलियाचे महान फलंदाज सर डॉन ब्रॅडमन यांचा कसोटीमधील २९ शतकांचा विक्रम हेडिंग्ले येथे मोडला.

  • विश्‍वकरंडक स्पर्धेत मालिकावीराचा किताब
    मार्च २००३ - दक्षिण आफ्रिकेत झालेल्या विश्‍वकरंडक स्पर्धेत ६७३ धावा करीत मालिकावीराचा किताब मिळविला.

  • दोन्ही क्रिकेटमध्ये दहा हजार धावा करण्याचा विक्रम
    मार्च २००५ - पाकिस्तानविरुद्धच्या कसोटी सामन्यात ५२ धावांची खेळी करीत कसोटी क्रिकेटमध्ये दहा हजार धावा. यामुळे एकदिवसीय आणि कसोटी क्रिकेटमध्ये दहा हजार धावा करण्याचा विक्रम.

  • ब्रायन लाराचा विक्रम मागे टाकला
    ऑक्‍टोबर २००८ - कसोटीमधील ब्रायन लाराचा सर्वाधिक धावांचा विक्रम ऑस्ट्रेलियाविरुद्धच्या सामन्यात पीटर सीडलला चौकार मारुन मागे टाकला आणि कसोटी क्रिकेटमध्ये सर्वाधिक धावा करण्याचा विक्रम नोंदविला.

गुरुवार, 22 अप्रैल 2010



Transfers files to and from a remote computer, typically a computer running UNIX, that is running the Trivial File Transfer Protocol (TFTP) service or daemon. Used without parameters, tftp displays help.


tftp [-i] [Host] [{get | put}] [Source] [Destination]


-i : Specifies binary image transfer mode (also called octet mode). In binary image mode, the file is transferred in one-byte units. Use this mode when transferring binary files. If -i is omitted, the file is transferred in ASCII mode. This is the default transfer mode. This mode converts the end-of-line (EOL) characters to an appropriate format for the specified computer. Use this mode when transferring text files. If a file transfer is successful, the data transfer rate is displayed.

Host : Specifies the local or remote computer.

put : Transfers the file Destination on the local computer to the file Source on the remote computer. Because the TFTP protocol does not support user authentication, the user must be logged onto the remote computer, and the files must be writable on the remote computer.

get : Transfers the file Destination on the remote computer to the file Source on the local computer.

Source : Specifies the file to transfer.

Destination : Specifies where to transfer the file. If Destination is omitted, it is assumed to have the same name as Source.

/? : Displays help at the command prompt.

Top of page


Using the get parameter

Specify put if transferring file FileTwo on the local computer to file FileOne on remote computer. Specify get if transferring file FileTwo on the remote computer to file FileOne on the remote computer.

Windows XP or Windows 2000 does not provide a general purpose TFTP server. Windows 2000 provides a TFTP server service only to provide remote boot capabilities to Windows XP and Windows 2000 client computers.

This command is available only if the Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) protocol is installed as a component in the properties of a network adapter in Network Connections

Software has an Expiry Date

Most developers will tell you that the code they work on is a mess. When this happens, Joel Spolsky has elegantly explained on his blog why rewriting a working software is almost always a bad idea. Why does the software get in the mess in the first place? Most of the time, it is because the software has expired.

There is one key characteristic of software expiry, which merits special attention:

  • Software expiry is a continuous process, not an instantaneous one: Unlike milk or eggs which expire on a certain date, software expiry is a continuous process – it expires slowly, but continuously. Certain modules of your software may expire early than the others and architecture of your software may become obsolete over time, but these events don’t happen on a single date – they typically happen slowly over a period of time.

But why does the software expire? The main reasons are below:

  1. Requirements change: The most important reason for software expiry is that the requirements change over time. Say for example, when you first wrote that web application, you were expecting 100K page views per month. But now, you are getting over a million page-views, and you may need to change your architecture, or optimize some modules that initially didn’t need any optimization.
  2. Technologies change: Hardware as well as software technologies change over time. May be, when you wrote the software, hadoop and/or pig were not available, and so you wrote your own custom code for distributed computing, but now it causing you a ton of maintenance overhead. At some point, it may be cheaper to move to hadoop and/or pig and reduce the ongoing maintenance overhead.
  3. People change: A lot of software in this world is poorly documented, or even worse, has misguiding documentation. As people working on the software change, it is very likely that the new developers are not fully aware of all the assumptions behind certain design/implementation decisions. Add to it the fact that software is easier to write than to read, the entire software project degrades over time.

So, how does one cope with this and extend the expiry date? A few key principles need to be followed:

  1. Accept that the software expires over time: The most important thing to extend the expiry date is to accept that the software expires and watch out for which modules or architecture choices are expiring. Key indicators are the number of bugs found per module, the time it takes to implement a simple feature, etc.
  2. Work on extending the expiry date continuously: You need to assign some percentage of development time to code refactoring, documentation, rewriting some modules that have lots of bugs, etc. The exact percentage depends on what stage your software project is, but it is certainly non-zero unless this is Day One of your project.
  3. Write self documenting code: Self documenting code is the best way to make sure that the documentation and code do not get out of sync. Make sure that you use variable and method names that are self-descriptive, have plenty of useful comments, etc.

Ebay Secrete Tips and Tricks

Note: I have consulted book 501 Web Site Secrets by Michael Miller for writing this article.

Ebay Tips and Tricks

eBay - What is eBay : -
eBay home page is the gateway to all the auctions currently running on the site. To find something to bid on either browse through the merchandise categories or use the search box to find specific items.

Interface is very user friendly so will not go into details.

How to find pages to report problems on eBay:
It is very easy to find an item for auction but where do you go if you want to retract a bid, report a deadbeat bidder, change your credit card billing information, or find out more about selling or shipping? Fortunately,Site Map page can help in this regard. We can land on this page by clicking the Site Map link above the Navigation bar on the eBay home page. eBay's Site Map
contain links to more than a hundred different page. You can find most of these hard to find pages right here in sitemap.

How to contact Ebay Support:
It is not very easy to reach eBay support page from ebay's home page. You can go directly to the Contact Customer Support page, located at pages.ebay.com/help/contact_inline. Here you'll find a Submit Email form into which you can enter your question. Click the Submit button and your question is sent to eBay support staff, who will respond via e-mail.

Getting support from EBay Community:
If you find official support is not good enough now where to go ? ebay has a huge community of users which can be really helpful in case of and query or trouble with ebay. You access all of eBay's discussion forums from the eBay Community page (pages.ebay.com/community/).

Let eBay Do Your Bidding for You :
Many new users think that eBay work like real-world auctions,where one person makes a bid, then someone else ups that bid, then the first person has to come back with another bid to stay in the running.but eBay works differently, here auction process is automated. on Ebay you don't have to keep biddingevery time someone else enters the auction; you can let eBay handle all bidding activity for you.

How to do this in eBay: When you place a bid, you just enter the maximum amount you're willing to pay-which may be a lot higher than the current bid price. eBay will keep your maximum bid secret, and bid for you only the minimum amount necessary. When another user bids, eBay will respond (as your proxy) by placing a new, higher bid for you. If the other bidder goes higher, eBay continues to respond in kind until your maximum bid level is reached.

When that happens eBay drops you out of the bidding and lets you know (via e-mail). At that point you can call it a day or decide to enter a new maximum bid and start the process all over again.

Bidding Tips on Ebay:
Users usually bid an even dollar amount-$5 or $10 or whatever.You can win a lot of auctions by bidding a few pennies more. i.e instead of bidding $20, bid $20.05. This will help outbiding the $10 guys. You'd be surprised how many bids are won by that odd penny!

How to create great-looking item listing on Ebay:
To create great-looking item listing apply a pre-designed theme to the entire listing.These themes include special text formatting, color backgrounds, and graphics; the special effects are added automatically to your standard item title and description.
eBay alows you to apply themes from the Sell Your Item page using Listing Designer tool. You'll pay 10 cents to use the Listing Designer. It helps you to make your listing stand out from the millions of others on the eBay site.

Bidding secrete use pictures :
You include photographs of your items in the auction listings. Shoppers like to see pictures of things before they buy; pictures definitely add to the appeal of any auction item. Make sure the photograph is sized to no more than 300 × 300 pixels.
eBay offers many different photo-hosting options. Your first photo is free, but each additional photo will cost 15 cents each. You can also choose to create a slide show of multiple pictures (75 cents). To insert photos into your listing, you'll want to work your way to the Pictures & Details page, scroll down to the Add Pictures section, Then, in the Picture Layout section, select the options you want-Standard, Slide Show, Supersize Pictures, or Picture Pack.

How to payment from Accept Credit Cards on eBay :
This problem is solved by the emergence of PayPal, a middleman service (owned by eBay) that facilitates the processing of credit cards in online auctions. You can sign up for PayPal free from here. When you sign up for the PayPal service, your auction winners can use their credit cards to pay PayPal; PayPal then pays you (after deducting a fee).
Fees are charged only when one of your auctions winners pays via PayPal. (The buyer doesn't pay any fees; only sellers do.) Fees are either 2.2 percent or 2.9 percent of the total amount paid, depending on your volume level. Signing up for PayPal is a virtual necessity if you're a serious eBay seller.

How to Re-list an Unsold Item-for Free :
When you have an item on eBay that doesn't sell. eBay lets you re-list the item in a follow-up auction-and it won't charge you an insertion fee for the new auction. To re-list an unsold item, go to the original item listing page and click the Re-list This Item link.

How to get a Refund from eBay If Your Buyer Doesn't Pay :
Every now and then you get a winning bidder who drops out of sight and doesn't pay. When you get a deadbeat bidder, you're stuck with an unsold item , you still owe eBay the insertion and final value fees, even though you didn't get paid. Unless, that is, you let eBay know that you got hosed. You can get a refund on your final value fee if you report the deadbeat bidder to eBay.
The proper procedure is to file a Non-Paying Bidder Alert between 7 and 45 days after the end of the auction. You file the alert by going to the Site Map page and clicking the Request Final Value Fee Credit link. After a Non-Paying Bidder Alert is filed, you have to wait another 10 days before you can request a refund of your final value fee. Again, you have to request the refund; go to the Site Map page and click the Final Value Fee Request link.

How to block a bidders from Your Auctions :
If you think you have a deadbeat bidding in one of your auctions, you can block that user from bidding in any of your auctions. Go to the Site Map page and click the Blocked Bidder/Buyer List link. When the Bidder/Buyer Management page appears, scroll to the Blocked Bidder/Buyer List section and click Continue. When the Blocked Bidder/Buyer List page appears, add the buyer's user name to the list; separate multiple names with commas.

Make Things Easier with ThirdParty Auction Management Tools :
For really high-volume seller, thre are several third-party auction management sites. Some of the common Auction Management Sites are:

www.andale.com : "Quick Packs" from $10.95 a month (40 listings); individual services priced separately

www.auctionhawk.com : From $12.99 a month

www.auctionhelper.com : 1.95 percent of sales (min. $0.15, max. $1.25), plus $0.02 per transaction; $10 min. monthly fee

www.auctionworks.com: 2 percent of sales (min. $0.10, max. $3.00); $14.95 minimum monthly fee

www.sparedollar.com : $4.95 a month

www.vendio.com : Various plans from $12.95 a month plus combination of listing and final value fees

How to Create About Me Page on eBay :
eBay lets you do this by creating a personalized About Me Web page that can be viewed when a user clicks on the Me icon next to your eBay user ID. This page may include all information about yourself, your picture, your favorite links, a list of your most recent feedback comments, and your current eBay auctions. To create your About Me page, click the Services link on the eBay Navigation bar and then click the About Me link.

Tips and Tricks about Google Talk

Tips and Tricks about Google Talk

With Google Talk being all the craze right now, some people hating it, and others loving it, I figured that I would post a list of tips and tricks for those curious about the extra "features" Google implemented and has not said much about.

Registry Tweaks
You can edit most settings by opening regedit (start -> regedit),
and navigating to the key HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Google\Google Talk.

The "Google/Google Talk" key has several sub-keys that hold different option values:

Accounts: This one has subkeys for each different account that has logged in on the client. These keys have different values that store the username, password and connection options.

Autoupdate: Stores the current version information. When the client checks for updates it compares Google's response with these values. If an update is needed, it will download and update the new version.

Options: This is the most interesting part, where most of the current hacks should be used (keep reading).

Process: Stores the process ID. Probably used by Google Talk to detect if it's already running or not.

1.) HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Google\Google Talk\Options\show_pin
If 1, shows a "pin" next to the minimize button that keeps the windows on top of all the other open windows when clicked.

2.)HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Google\Google Talk\Options\view_show_taskbutton

If 0, hides the taskbar button, and leaves the tray icon only, when the window is shown

3.)HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Google\Google Talk\Options\away_inactive

If 1, status will be set as Away after the specified number of minutes.

4.)HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Google\Google Talk\Options\away_screensaver

If 1, status will be set as Away after the specified number of minutes.

5.)HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Google\Google Talk\Options\inactive_minutes
Number of inactive minutes to become away if auto-away is on.

Tips & Tricks
Wumpus Game : - First noted by a GoogleRumors commentor, if you add the buddy wumpus.game@gmail.com you can play the classic text-based game. Wumpus is an easter egg game that came with Google Talk (unfortunately, he didn't’t accept my invitation, so I can’t play).
Change the font size - While holding the control key, move the scroll wheel on your mouse either up or down. This trick works while being focused in either the read or write area.
Insert line breaks - If you want to have a message that spans multiple paragraphs, just hold shift and hit enter. You can add as many new lines as you want to create.
Bold Text - To write something bold, you can use an asterisk before and after the word, like *this* .
Italic Text - To use italics, use an underscore before an after the word, like _this_ .
Switch windows - Hitting tab will cycle through open windows. It will select minimized conversations, to expand them just hit enter. If you just want to cycle through IM's and don't care about the buddy list, control-tab will do that and will automatically expand a minimized conversation if you settle on one.
Invitation Tips - You don’t need to say Yes or No when someone wants to add you as a friend; you can simply ignore it, the request will go away. (On the other hand, someone with whom you chat often will automatically turn to be your friend, unless you disable this in the options).
Show Hyperlinks - You can show your homepage or blog URL simply by entering the it in your away message (at the top of the main window). It will automatically turn to a link visible to others.
Google Talk Game - “Google Talk” also was the name of a word game which uses Google.
A message can be 32767 characters long.

How To
Conference Calls :
What you need to do to have conference calls: Open up a copy of Google Talk on all computers with which you wish to conference. After one copy is opened make a new shortcut for Google Talk but at the end of it add /nomutex. If you installed it to the default folder then your shortcut should read "C:\Program Files\Google\Google Talk\googletalk.exe" /nomutex. Open 2nd instances of the software on every user's computer. After this start a chain: User 1 should connect on one instance to user 2. User 2 will connect on his second instance to user 3. User 3 will connect using his second instance back to user 1. With this chain everyone is connected to everyone.

Nickname & Status Message :
You can't change your nickname in a way that other people will see it change. Every nickname in the Google Talk contactlist is the part that is before @gmail.com (only the alphabetical characters are used) or the name you chosen for your GMail account. To change the nickname need to go to your Gmail account and change the name there. Choose Settings, Accounts, and then Edit info. Click on the second radio button, and enter your custom name. As a result all of your emails will have that nick as well, there is no way to seperate the two. You can add a website in your custom message, it will be clickable when someone opens a conversation window with you.

Contacts :
You don't need to say Yes or No when someone wants to add you as a friend; you can simply ignore it, the request will go away. (On the other hand, someone with whom you chat often will automatically turn to be your friend, unless you disable this).
The Gmail account 'user@gmail.com' can't be invited as your friend.

Sound & Video :
It's possible to broadcast music, MP3, etc.. through Google Talk.
Unplug your microphone. Double click on the speaker icon in the lower right corner. This will open up "Volume Control". Select "Options" and then "Properties". Then check the button next to "Recording" then click OK. You may also have to change your setting under Mixer Device. Now the Recording Control screen should be up. On my computer I selected "Wave Out Mix". Click on the green phone in Google Talk and call your friend.

Keyboard Shortcuts
Ctrl + E - It centralizes the selected text, or the current line.
Ctrl + R - It justifies to the right the selected text, or the current line.
Ctrl + L - It justifies to the left the selected text, or the current line.
Ctrl + I - The same thing does that Tab.
Tab - It is giving the area to each of the windows opened by Google Talk.
Ctrl + Tab - The same thing does that Shift + Tab .
Shift + Tab - The same thing does that Tab but in reverse.
Ctrl + Shift + L -Switch between points, numbers, letters, capital letters, roman numbers and capital roman numbers
Ctrl + 1 (KeyPad) - It does a simple space between the lines.
Ctrl + 2 (KeyPad) - It does a double space between the lines.
Ctrl + 5 (KeyPad) - A space does 1.5 between the lines.
Ctrl + 1 (NumPad) - It goes at the end of the last line.
Ctrl + 7 (NumPad) - It goes at the begin of the last line.
Ctrl + F4 - It closes the current window.
Alt + F4 - It closes the current window.
Alt + Esc - It Minimize all the windows.
Windows + ESC - Open Google Talk (if it's minimized, or in the tray)
F9 - Open Gmail to send an email to the current contact.
F11 - It initiates a telephonic call with your friend.
F12 - It cancels a telephonic call.
Esc - It closes the current window.
[HOWTO] Use multiple identities on Google Talk
Want to run Google Talk with multiple Gmail identities? If you have several Google Gmail accounts you also may want to run multiple instances of Google Talk This is especially important for families that share a single PC. Nothing worse than a family member signing you out so they can sign in under their own account!

Basically, to have "Google Polygamy" you need to run Google Talk with the following switch: /nomutex

Step 1: Right-click on the desktop
Step 2: Select New
Step 3: Select Shortcut
Step 4: Paste this into the text box:

"c:\program files\google\google talk\googletalk.exe" /nomutex

Step 5: Click Next and choose a shortcut name such as Google Talk1, Google Talk2, or something related to your Gmail account for easy remembering which account is which.
Step 6: Click OK a few times.
[HOWTO] Use Google Talk via a Web Browser
You want to use Google Talk anywhere ? Follow these guidelines :)

Step 1: Opens your favorite web browser at the following address :

Step 2: Follow the instructions of the Page.

Step 3: You can talk with your friends

Google's Secret Command-Line Parameters
There are a few secret parameters you can add to Google Talk and make it function differently.

The most important, I think, is /nomutex, which allows you to run more than one instance of GT. Here are the others:

/nomutex: allows you to open more than one instance of Google Talk
/autostart: when Google Talk is run with this parameter, it will check the registry settings to see if it needs to be started or not. If the "Start automatically with Windows" option is unchecked, it won't start.
/forcestart: same as /autostart, but forces it to start no matter what option was set.
/S upgrade: Used when upgrading Google Talk
/register: registers Google Talk in the registry, includig the GMail Compose method.
/checkupdate: check for newer versions
/plaintextauth: uses plain authentication mechanism instead then Google's GAIA mechanism. Used for testing the plain method on Google's servers.
/nogaiaauth: disables GAIA authentication method. The same as above.
/factoryreset: set settings back to default.
/gaiaserver servername.com: uses a different GAIA server to connect to Google Talk. Used for debug purposes only, there are no other known GAIA servers.
/mailto email@host.com: send an email with Gmail
/diag: start Google Talk in diagnostic mode
/log: probably has something to do with the diagnostic logging
/unregister: ?
/embedding: ?
To add these, open up your GT shortcut, and where it says "Target:" add one or more of these inside the quotations, but after the .exe part.

Emotions :

All these emotions appears in color in a conversation : (but having them in an image would be better, like iChat or MSN)


Tips and Tricks about Google

Tips and Tricks about Google

I have been quite fascinated by Google ever since they started out as a search engine. Over the time Google has become an indispensable tool for any serious geek. I will describe a few techniques that I use. They have been collected from various help pages, chat rooms and books. If you find any error please point it out.

1.) Common queries:
So how will you effectively use Google. Take this example. A friend of mine was asking me over yahoo messenger what is a blog. I told him to search on Google and find out. He tried this.
Alas the answer was there but lost in thousands of links. He alerted me that he can't find an answer. I told " Ok , Let me see What is wrong? ". I tried this

What is blog
The answer was right there.

While formulating search queries you must be specific as far as possible. A query like Linux vpn howto can yield a different result than vpn howto. Google seems to be intelligent enough to understand some human thought chain. So while making queries be a bit descriptive and formulate a properly worded query. Google ignores some of the common words such as 'the' 'and' 'a' etc while performing a search.

2.) How to formulate a good search string :
Google uses AND logic for the queries by default. If you search linux vpn howto google searches for pages containing linux AND vpn AND howto. You can put OR logic in the search box like this

linux OR vpn OR howto

You can exclude some terms using "-"

linux vpn -installation

Try ( linux vpn - installation ) and see how it is different from the above query. You can group a set of terms by enclosing them in brackets. It is also possible to combine AND and OR operators.

It may be noted that Google is not case sensitive regarding search strings. Linux, LINUX and linux produces the same results. However the operators such as AND and OR are case sensitive.

3.) Searching for a file :

Suppose you want to search for pdf documents only. You can do this by attaching a filetype modifier to your query. A typical query can look like this
vpn filetype:pdf
Google can recognize most common filetyes.

4.) Searching only at a site :

This is similar to file type modifier. Try this VPN site:ibm.com
Then try vpn site:edu filetype:pdf You can get some interesting result by trying this query
linux site:microsoft.com
5.) Searching in URLs and Page titles :
You can search in urls using inurl modifier. Try inurl:smb.conf

Similarly you can use intitle modifier.

6.) Searching in Google cache :
If you are looking for some old web site you can directly search in Google cache.
Try cache:slashdot.org and see the cached pages.

7.) Looking for definitions :
This can be handy if your school going kid pesters you for his home work.

It bring out definitions from around the web.

8.) Looking at Google advanced search :
I think it is one link that most people try to ignore. It is designed for commoners. Almost all the options I mentioned above are available through advanced search.

The preferences page is also worth a visit. It uses cookies to set preferences such as number of search results to be displayed, language preferences etc.

9.) Finding the price of some geek gadget :
Google has a companion site called froogle.com. Its interface is exactly similar. But it returns prices across various stores in the US. This feature can be very useful if you plan to buy some strange hardware. Let us hope that froogle.co.in will appear soon.
10.) Google Calculator :
In the google search :
Type in an equation: (100+4567*10-200=)
What is the square root of 267? (sqrt(267))

11.) Google labs :
Google is very innovative and always tries to introduce new features. You can see some of the upcoming features at labs.google.com . Also Google conducts a puzzle champion ships annually.

12.) Google Sets :
Google sets is an interesting feature currently available at http://labs.google.com/sets.

Have a look at the page. You will see a number of text boxes. Enter some words which belongs to a set of items and search. Google will complete the set.

I typed in the names of following linux distributions " Mandrake" "Suse" " "debian" and hit larger set button. Google provided a huge list of linux distributions.

Amazing Google Facts You DONT Know

Amazing Google Facts You DONT Know

I am a huge Google geek, so these Google facts were like soft to me.

1. Google receives daily search requests from all over the world, including Antarctica.

2. Google’s Home Page Has 63 Validation Errors. Don’t believe me?: Check Google Validation

3. The Google search engine receives about a billion search requests per day.

4. The infamous “I’m feeling lucky” button is nearly never used. However, in trials it was found that removing it would somehow reduce the Google experience. Users wanted it kept. It was a comfort button.

5. Due to the sparseness of the homepage, in early user tests they noted people just sitting looking at the screen. After a minute of nothingness, the tester intervened and asked ‘Whats up?’ to which they replied “We are waiting for the rest of it”. To solve that particular problem the Google Copyright message was inserted to act as a crude end of page marker.

6. The name ‘Google’ was an accident. A spelling mistake made by the original founders who thought they were going for ‘Googol’.

7. Google has the largest network of translators in the world.

8. Employees are encouraged to use 20% of their time working on their own projects. Google News, Orkut are both examples of projects that grew from this working model.

9. Google consists of over 450,000 servers, racked up in clusters located in data centers around the world.

10. Google started in January, 1996 as a research project at Stanford University, by Ph.D. candidates Larry Page and Sergey Brin when they were 24 years old and 23 years old respectively.

11. Google is a mathematical term 1 followed by one hundred zeroes. The term was coined by Milton Sirotta, nephew of American mathematician Edward Kasne.

12. Number of languages in which you can have the Google home page set up, including Urdu, Latin and Klingon: 88

13. Google translates billions of HTML web pages into a display format for WAP and i-mode phones and wireless hand-held devices.

मंगलवार, 20 अप्रैल 2010

पृथ्वीपासून सर्वात जवळ असलेला बटू तारा सापडला

पृथ्वीपासून सर्वात जवळ असलेला थंड तपकिरी बटू तारा (ड्वार्फ) खगोलशास्त्रज्ञांनी नुकताच शोधून काढला आहे. हा बटू तारा पृथ्वीपासून फक्त १० प्रकाशवर्ष दूर आहे. ब्रिटनमधील हेर्टफोर्डशायर विद्यापीठातील फिलीप लुकास यांच्या नेतृत्वाखालील एका गटाने हा नष्ट झालेला तारा शोधला असून त्याचे नामकरण ‘यूजीपीएसजे ०७२२-०५’ असे केले आहे.
प्राचीन काळात एखाद्या ताऱ्याच्या गुरुत्वीय बलाच्या परिणामामुळे मूळ ताऱ्याच्या प्रणालीतून बाहेर फेकला गेल्यामुळे अथवा स्वतंत्रपणेच या ‘तपकिरी ड्वार्फ’ची निर्मिती झाली असावी, असे मत शास्त्रज्ञांनी व्यक्त केले आहे. आपल्या आकाशगंगेत असे अनेक ‘तपकिरी ड्वार्फ’ असल्याचे मानले जात आहे. या ‘तपकिरी ड्वार्फ’चे निश्चित स्थान शास्त्रज्ञांच्या दृष्टीने अगदीच अनपेक्षित नसले, तरी त्याच्या वातावरणाची रासायनिक संरचना त्यांना कोडय़ात टाकणारी आहे.
लुकास म्हणाले की, ‘यूजीपीएसजे ०७२२-०५’ हा तारा आजवर शोधलेल्या ‘तपकिरी बटू ताऱ्या’ मध्ये सर्वात थंड बटू तारा वाटत आहे. त्याच्या पृष्ठभागाचे तापमान ४०० केल्व्हीनपेक्षा कमी असू शकते. ‘तपकिरी बटू तारा’ आकाराने अतिशय लहान असल्याने त्यांच्या गाभ्यामध्ये आण्विक संमीलनाची प्रक्रिया बराच काळ सुरू होऊ शकत नाही. त्यामुळेच त्यांची सामान्य ताऱ्यांमध्ये गणना होऊ शकत नाही, असेही लुकास यांनी सांगितले.
हा ‘तपकिरी बटूतारा’ त्या जागी कसा आला याबाबत अजून काही माहिती मिळालेली नाही, पण त्याचे स्थान पृथ्वीपासून जवळ असल्याने शास्त्रज्ञांना त्याचे अधिक विश्लेषण करणे शक्य होणार आहे, असे ‘डिस्कव्हरी’ वाहिनीने म्हटले आहे. या ‘तपकिरी ड्वार्फ’च्या अंतर्गत भागात प्रवाही पदार्थ असतात. त्यामुळे त्या पदार्थांची सतत सरमिसळ होऊन त्यातील रसायने स्थिर होऊ शकत नाहीत. रासायनिक भिन्नता हा ग्रहांचा विशेष गुण आहे. मात्र ‘तपकिरी ड्वार्फ’मध्ये तो गुण अस्तित्वात नसल्यामुळे त्यांना गुरुसारखे सर्वात अजस्त्र ग्रह आणि सर्वात लहान तारे यांच्यातील ‘सेतू’ मानले जाते. तपकिरी बटू तारा’ला तांत्रिकदृष्टय़ा ‘अपयशी तारा’ (फेल्ड स्टार) म्हटले जाते. ते अतिशय मंद दृश्यलहरी सोडत असतात. मात्र इन्फ्रारेड आणि किरणोत्सर्गाचे त्यांच्याकडून उत्सर्जन होत असते.

आता मोदींच्या मॅण्डेटरी ओव्हर्स सुरू

कोची आयपीएलच्या मालकीहक्क वादातून परराष्ट्र राज्यमंत्री शशी थरुर यांचा राजीनामा पंतप्रधानांनी घेतल्यानंतर या नाटय़ाचे आणखी पडसाद उमटणे बाकी आहे. आयपीएलचे कमिशनर ललित मोदी यांचे दिवसही भरले असून, त्यांची पदावरून हकालपट्टी होणार असल्याचे संकेत आहेत. बीसीसीआयच्या वरिष्ठ पदाधिकाऱ्यांनी मोदी यांना हटवण्यासाठी तयारी सुरू केली आहे. मोदी यांनी घेतलेल्या निर्णयांमुळे बीसीसीआय प्राप्तिकर खात्याच्या कचाटय़ात सापडली, असा आरोप त्यांच्यावर आहे. गेल्या काही दिवसांत मोदी यांच्याविरोधात वातावरण चांगलेच तापले आहे. कोची आयपीएलच्या मालकीचे विवरण त्यांनीच सोशल नेटवर्किंग साईटवर दिले व त्यात सुनंदा पुष्कर यांच्या नावाचाही उल्लेख होता. त्यानंतर सगळे वादळ उठले व काँग्रेस विरोधकांना आयते कोलित मिळाले होते, पण थरुर यांचा राजीनामा घेऊन पंतप्रधानांनी विरोधकांची हवा काढून घेतली. ललित मोदी यांनी त्यांचे कुटुंबीय व मित्र यांना आयपीएल संघांमध्ये शेअर्स मिळवून दिले असल्याचेही बोलले जाते.
बीसीसीआयच्या सूत्रांनी सांगितले, की मोदी यांची हकालपट्टी अटळ आहे. कारण बीसीसीआयचे पदाधिकारी ललित मोदी यांच्या कार्यपद्धतीवर नाराज आहेत. बीसीसीआयच्या इतिहासात आतापर्यंत कधीच कार्यालयांवर प्राप्तिकर पथकांचे छापे पडले नव्हते. छापे पडल्याने बीसीसीआयची प्रतिमा खालावली व आयपीएल ब्रँडलाही हादरा बसला आहे. दुबई येथे आयसीसी कार्यकारी मंडळाच्या बैठकीसाठी आलेल्या ललित मोदी यांना बीसीसीआयमध्ये असलेला पाठिंबा झपाटय़ाने कमी होत चालला आहे. राष्ट्रवादी काँग्रेसचे प्रमुख शरद पवार यांनी ललित मोदी यांना वाचवण्याचे प्रयत्न चालवले असले तरी दुसरा कुणीही मातब्बर पदाधिकारी मोदी यांच्या पाठिशी नाही. थरुर यांचा राजीनामा घेतल्यानंतर आता केंद्र सरकारही ललित मोदी यांना लक्ष्य बनवल्याशिवाय राहणार नाही व यात बीसीसीआय आगीशी खेळ करू शकणार नाही. बीसीसीआयचे प्रवक्ते राजीव शुक्ला यांनी सांगितले, की या विषयावर चर्चा केली जाईल. मोदी यांचे वर्चस्व कमी केले जाईल हे केवळ प्रसारमाध्यमांचे आडाखे आहेत. प्रशासकीय मंडळाच्या बैठकीत मोदी यांच्यासह सर्व मुद्दय़ांवर चर्चा होईल. दरम्यान, बीसीसीआयच्या कार्यकारी समितीची बैठक २ मे पर्यंत लांबणीवर टाकण्यात आली आहे. प्रशासकीय मंडळाची बैठक मात्र आयपीएलच्या अंतिम सामन्यानंतर म्हणजे २६ एप्रिलला होण्याची शक्यता आहे. मोदी यांच्या विरोधकांनी अगोदरच त्यांना डच्चू देण्यासाठी तयारी सुरू केली आहे. प्रशासकीय मंडळाच्या बैठकीत त्यांना पदावरून दूर करण्यासाठी ठराव मांडला जाणार असल्याचे अनधिकृत वृत्त आहे.

सोमवार, 19 अप्रैल 2010

पायाला पडणाऱ्या भेगा

थंडीच्या दिवसांमधे ज्या काही शारीरिक समस्या असतात त्यात पायाला पडणाऱ्या भेगांची समस्या जास्त त्रासदायक असते. टाचच जर दुखायला लागली तर चालणंही मुष्कील होतं. त्यासाठी टाचांच्या सौंदर्याकडहे तितकंच लक्ष द्यायला हवं जितकं लक्ष आपण इतर सौंदर्याकडे देतो.

नैसगिर्करीत्याच राठ आणि कडक असलेल्या तळपायाच्या त्वचेचा वारंवार जमिनीशी संपर्क येत असतो. परिणामी तिची जास्तच झीज होत असते. अती ड्रायनेसमुळे तळपायाच्या पेशी लवकर मरतात. यामुळेच टाचेची सालं निघून तिथे भेगा पडत असतात. सौंदर्याच्या दृष्टीने बघायचं झालं तर पाय या भेगांमुळे फार विदूप दिसू लागतात. पायाला जेव्हा भेगा पडायला सुरुवात होते तेव्हा केसात कोंडाही वाढतो.

तळपायाचं सौंदर्य वाढवण्यासाठी

* पायांचा जर सतत धूळ आणि मातीशी संपर्क येत असेल, तर पाय तीन ते चार वेळा पाय स्वच्छ धुऊन पायात मोजे घालावेत.

* रात्री झोपवण्यापूवीर् तीळतेल पायांना चोळावं.

* गरम पाण्यात जाडं मीठ घालून पाय झोपण्यापूवीर् स्वच्छ घासून घ्यावेत.

* टाचांना भेगा पडून रक्त येत असेल तर लोणी आणि हळद एकत्र करून त्याने तळपायांना मसाज करावा.

* १५ दिवसातून एकदा तरी पेडिक्युअर करून घ्यावं.

( ब्युटी थेरपिस्ट तसंच हेअरआणि त्वचा सल्लागार)

पायांना भेगा पडल्या अथवा पायांची आग होत असल्यास झोपण्यापूर्वी थंड पाण्यात आपले पाय बुडवून ठेवावेत. त्यानंतर पायाना तूप लावावं. यामुळे पाय नरम राहतात आणि भेगा पडत नाहीत.
टाचांना भेगा:
टाचांना भेगा पडण्याचे मुख्य कारण म्हणजे शरीरातील कॅल्शिअम आणि स्निग्धतेची कमतरता होय. पायाची त्वचा जाड असते. त्यामुळे शरीरात तयार होणारे सिबम (तेल) पायाच्या बाहेरच्या भागांपर्यंत पोहचत नाही. शिवाय पौष्टिक घटक व योग्य स्निग्धता न मिळाल्यामुळे टाचा खडबडीत होतात. व त्यावर भेगा पडू लागतात. टाचांच्या भेगांमुळे आग होणे, दुखणे हा त्रास होतो. शिवाय कधीकधी त्यातून रक्तही येते.

भेगांचा त्रास असा कमी करा.
* दीड चमचा व्हॅसलीन व एक लहान चमचा बोरीक पावडर चांगल्या प्रकारे कालवा व भेगांवर हा जाड लेप लावा (आतपर्यंत त्याचा ओलावा जाणवेल) काही दिवसातच फुटलेल्या टाचा भरू लागतील.
* टाचा जास्तच फुटलेल्या असतील तर मिथिलेटेड स्पिरीटमध्ये कापसाचा बोळा भिजवून फुटलेल्या टाचेवर ठेवा. असे दिवसातून 3-4 वेळेला करा. त्यामुळे टाचा बर्‍या होऊ लागतात.
* कोमट पाण्यात थोडा शाम्पू व एक चमचा सोडा आणि काही थेंब डेटॉल टाका. त्या पाण्यात 10 मिनीटे पाय बुडवून ठेवा. त्वचा मऊ झाल्यावर मिथिलेटेड स्पिरीट लावून टाचांना प्युमिक स्टोनने किंवा मऊसर घासणीने घासून तिथली त्वचा साफ करा. त्यामुळे टाचेवरील माती निघून जाईल. नंतर टॉवेलने पुसून कोमट तेलाने मालीश करा.
* पाय स्वच्छ व सुंदर ठेवण्यासाठी पॅडीक्यूअरचा अवश्य वापर करा. कारण पायाची नखे, टाच यांच्या स्वच्छतेचा हा एक चांगला उपाय आहे.
* या सर्व उपायांचा अवलंब केल्यास गुलाबी थंडीतही तुम्ही तुमच्या पायाच्या नैसर्गिक सौंदर्याचे रक्षण करू शकता.

* पॅडिक्यूअर एक सोपा प्रकार आहे. त्याला आपण घरी सुध्दा करू शकतो. पण पायाची अवस्था जास्तच खराब असल्यास पॅडीक्युअर चांगल्या ब्यूटी स्पेशालिस्टकडून करून घेणे चांगले.
* पॅडिक्यूअरसाठी साहित्य: छोटा टब, कोमट पाणी, शाम्पू, हायड्रोजन पेरॉक्साईड, नेलपॉलीश, रिमूव्हर, नेलकटर, ऑरेंज स्टीक, क्यूटीकल पुशर, नेल फायलर, प्यूमिक स्टोन, कोल्ड क्रिम, कापूस व टॉवेल.

पॅडिक्यूअरची पध्दत:
पहिल्यांदा नेलपेंट रिमूव्हरने पायावरची जुनी नेलपेंट काढा. नेलकटर किंवा छोट्या कात्रीने वाढलेली किंवा वाकडी झालेली नखे कापा. पायाची नखे नेहमी सरळच कापावीत. नेलफायलरने नखांना चांगला आकार द्यावा.

टबात कोमट पाणी घेऊन त्यात थोडा शाम्पू व एक चमचा हायड्रोजन पेरॉक्साइड टाकून मिसळा किंवा कोमट पाण्यात 3 चमचे मीठ, अर्धा लिंबाचा रस, व एक छोटा चमचा गुलाबपाणी टाकून मिक्स करा. त्यात पाय 5-10 मिनिटे भिजवून ठेवा. त्यामुळे मृत त्वचा ओलसर होते. 8-10 मिनिटानंतर प्यूमिक स्टोन किंवा घासणीने (नरम) घासून घाण साफ करा. पायापासून मळ निघाल्यावर स्वच्छ टॉवेलने पाय पुसा. त्यानंतर पायाच्या नखांवर क्रिम लावून चांगल्या‍ र‍ितीने मालीश करा. मालीश केल्यावर ऑरेंज स्टिकवर थोडा कापूस लावून नखाच्या आतला मळ साफ करा. क्युटीकल पुशरच्या सहाय्याने नखाच्या जवळचा भाग आतल्या बाजूला ढकला. त्यामुळे नखाचा आकार चांगला दिसू लागेल.

पायांवर कोल्ड क्रिमने 10-15 मिनिटे मालीश करा. त्यामुळे पायाची त्वचा मुलायम होईल. कापसाच्या बोळ्यानी नखे व त्वचेवरचे क्रिम पुसून टाका. पॅडिक्यूअर नंतर पायांना धुळ, घाणीपासून वाचवा. आणि कमीतकमी 4 दिवस मोजे वापरावेत. मोज्यांचा वापर तुम्ही पुर्ण हिवाळाभरही करू शकतात.

* पायांना भेगा पडलेल्या असल्यास बाहेर जाताना सॉक्स घाला. रोज रात्री झोपण्यापूवीर् पाय साबणाने स्वच्छ धुवा. पायांना व्हॅसलीन आणि ग्लिसरीन लावा. झोपताना पायात कॉटन सॉक्स घाला.

हिवाळ्यात आंघोळ केल्यानंतरही त्वचेचा कोरडेपणा जात नाही. या दिवसात वातावरणात त्वचा अधिक कोरडी पडते. म्हणूनच हिवाळ्यात आंघोळ करताना त्वचेची विशेष काळजी घ्यावी.

हिवाळ्यात आंघोळीसाठी दुधात सुगंधी उटणे भिजवून त्याचा वापर करावा. या दिवसांत शक्यतो साबणाचा वापर टाळावा, शक्य झाल्यास ग्लिसरीनयुक्त साबणाचा वापर केला तर चालेल. त्यामुळे त्वचा मऊ राहते. आंघोळीनंतर संपूर्ण अंगाला ग्लिसरीन किंवा मॉईश्चरायझर लावावे, पण हे लावल्यानंतर टाल्कम पावडर लावण्याचे टाळावे.

हिवाळ्यात सर्वांत जास्त काळजी पायांची घ्यावी लागते. कारण या दिवसांत पायांना भेगा पडतात. भेगा कमी करण्यासाठी आंघोळ झाल्यानंतर लगेचच तळपाय प्युमिक स्टोन किंवा वझरीने रगडून घासावे. पाय वाळण्यापूर्वीच त्यावर कोल्ड क्रीम किंवा मॉईश्चरायझर लावावे. पाय जास्त कोरडे पडू नये म्हणून हिवाळ्यात मोज्यांचा वापर करावा.

Exit of Shashi Tharoor

New Delhi, Apr 19 (PTI) After the exit of Shashi Tharoor from the union ministry, the Yadav trio today trained its guns on the IPL cricket tournament and demanded in the Lok Sabha that it be taken over by the government.

As soon as the House met for the day, Lalu Prasad (RJD), Mulayam Singh Yadav (SP) and Sharad Yadav (JD-U) were on their feet demanding that government disband the IPL which according to them has become a "betting and gambling ring".

"The moot question is the IPL and not Tharoor," Sharad Yadav said amid calls from Speaker Meira Kumar to allow the Question Hour to continue.

Prasad wanted the government to take over the IPL and the BCCI. He also wanted a probe into the alleged black money in IPL.

शुक्रवार, 16 अप्रैल 2010

सद्गृहस्थ की, परिवार निर्माण की जिम्मेदारी उठाने के योग्य शारीरिक, मानसिक परिपक्वता आ जाने पर युवक-युवतियों का विवाह संस्कार कराया जाता है । भारतीय संस्कृति के अनुसार विवाह कोई शारीरिक या सामाजिक अनुबन्ध मात्र नहीं हैं, यहाँ दाम्पत्य को एक श्रेष्ठ आध्यात्मिक साधना का भी रूप दिया गया है । इसलिए कहा गया है 'धन्यो गृहस्थाश्रमः' । सद्गृहस्थ ही समाज को अनुकूल व्यवस्था एवं विकास में सहायक होने के साथ श्रेष्ठ नई पीढ़ी बनाने का भी कार्य करते हैं । वहीं अपने संसाधनों से ब्रह्मचर्य, वानप्रस्थ एवं सन्यास आश्रमों के साधकों को वाञ्छित सहयोग देते रहते हैं । ऐसे सद्गृहस्थ बनाने के लिए विवाह को रूढ़ियों-कुरीतियों से मुक्त कराकर श्रेष्ठ संस्कार के रूप में पुनः प्रतिष्ठित करना आवश्क है । युग निर्माण के अन्तर्गत विवाह संस्कार के पारिवारिक एवं सामूहिक प्रयोग सफल और उपयोगी सिद्ध हुए हैं ।

संस्कार प्रयोजन
विवाह दो आत्माओं का पवित्र बन्धन है । दो प्राणी अपने अलग-अलग अस्तित्वों को समाप्त कर एक सम्मिलित इकाई का निर्माण करते हैं । स्त्री और पुरुष दोनों में परमात्मा ने कुछ विशेषताएँ और कुछ अपूणर्ताएँ दे रखी हैं । विवाह सम्मिलन से एक-दूसरे की अपूर्णताओं की अपनी विशेषताओं से पूर्ण करते हैं, इससे समग्र व्यक्तित्व का निर्माण होता है । इसलिए विवाह को सामान्यतया मानव जीवन की एक आवश्यकता माना गया है । एक-दूसरे को अपनी योग्यताओं और भावनाओं का लाभ पहुँचाते हुए गाड़ी में लगे हुए दो पहियों की तरह प्रगति-पथ पर अग्रसर होते जाना विवाह का उद्देश्य है । वासना का दाम्पत्य-जीवन में अत्यन्त तुच्छ और गौण स्थान है, प्रधानतः दो आत्माओं के मिलने से उत्पन्न होने वाली उस महती शक्ति का निमार्ण करना है, जो दोनों के लौकिक एवं आध्यात्मिक जीवन के विकास में सहायक सिद्ध हो सके ।

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गुरुवार, 15 अप्रैल 2010

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JUST SEE IT iggy investigates an ipad

Mobile to offer 3G services spectrum

Mobile to offer 3G services spectrum auction process Shuk
Family day has begun. This service in 22 telecom circles in the race to get license includes 9 companies. Telecom Minister A. Raja said the auction will be completed within two weeks. Then what are the formalities, in fulfilling her ministry will take a month. So in June we all technical formalities, the companies they license to launch 3G services will allow. If the companies want the 3G services can resume by August.

Through the auction process is fully computer. Companies bid is only through computers. Auction process is designed Araths child company. Auction process is designed in such a way that it can last for four rounds. In the first round of bidding is the way, her a.. King very happy. "We were thinking before the auction that the government will get 30 thousand crore, ie, bids will be so high. But now that we can get to 40 thousand crores. If you had bid more than this amount could be found. He said the auction process, we have absolutely transparent. Auction will end how it will be public company which bid to circle so. All data will be made available to the common man.

Here market talk that the 3G services to get as high bid Algaangee companies, the more fees they will take to deliver services. While mobile service providers to think the company brass that it would be wrong. Companies charge reasonable fees will there soon.